Fisher’s Narrative Paradigm

Un article qui traite des cas concrets.

Personnellement, je pense que les « patterns », les modèles de sens – de récits, sont repérables de manière différenciée selon les crises et selon les groupes ou communautés, et opèrent à partir de valeurs, de cultures, de principes, d’éthiques… Cela dit, la presse a tendance à fonctionner selon la reproduction des mêmes schémas typés.
http://www.acjournal.org/holdings/vol9/spring/articles/storytelling.html

Abstract

« This essay examines the ways that popular American news magazines, such as Time, Newsweek, and U.S. News & World Report, use specific types of narratives to cover notable crises. These narratives unfold in predictable patterns regardless of the specific crisis. Two positions are taken.
First, using Fisher’s discussion of the narrative paradigm as a foundation, the rhetorical implications of narrative use in meaning formation are established.
Second, using open coding methodology, it is proposed that there exists evident types of narratives during crisis coverage and that these narrative types form patterns regardless of the specific crisis being covered.
Following the discussions of narrative as tools for meaning formation and Fisher’s narrative paradigm, the data and methodology section describes out the procedure by which narratives were coded and identified. The essay concludes with descriptions and examples of the narrative types, implications for future studies, and charts displaying the results of the open coding process. »

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« Briefly, the rational world paradigm uses logic and argumentation for critique whereas the narrative world paradigm expands that idea to include values and ethics »

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« the philosophical ground of the narrative paradigm lies in ontology, or lived experience, whereas the rational paradigm is based in epistemology, or what is known (Fisher, 1984, pp. 4, 8). »

Quelques passages clés

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1) individual and collective narratives (stories of individuals and groups), 2) scapegoating (blame) narratives, 3) prevention narratives (narrative passages which discuss how the crisis might have been prevented), 4) imagined futures narratives (narrative passages about the future), and 5) reflection narratives (narrative passages of a “reflective » nature).

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